The name of “Christmas” comes from “Christ”. In greek “Christos” meant “the Annointed One” and was a translation of the Jewish term “Messiah” that in Judaistic tradition meant one thing: “A King”. All kings of Juda and Israel were titled with the -iah ending, at least all those who worshipped the local ethnic god – that is Jah and Asherah.
It related to one personage in Christianity, namely an Essene gnostic, disciple of master John the Baptist, yet what is the history of this celebration? The time of the celebrations after the winter solstice was established first as a Solar cult by Emperor Aurelian (214-275), when vigil (watchfulness, observance) was held overnight to worship the visible Sun-as-god rising, and the transendent Sun. In Greek parole it was Helios (visible manifestation of God) and Hyperion (the Transcendent Aion) and the tradition of vigil during solstices was reaching back to Pythagorean times, at least the first ones commemmorated in script. According to Julian the Theurgist Aions were Gods of Stars in the third transcendent realm.
He was a Magi and a soldier in Marcus Aurelius’ army, the author of “Chaldean Oracles” and according to a legend a reborn archangel (yes, Romans and Greeks had angels unrelated to Judeo-Christianity) prayed for by his father. He was the same one that was known for miracles like conjuring a storm with lightnings and turbid rain against the enemy army in modern-day Slovakia, during Marcomannic campaigns, perhaps portrayed in the movie the “Gladiator” directed by Ridley Scott. Now the birth of a New Sun in December and the slaying of the Bull (the constellation arising in March and marking the beginning of the new year in Rome) in the solar Mithraic cult was related to the birth of the Sun-God that was gradually displaced and replaced by the worshippers of the Essene hebrew, years after his death. The stories of Herod hunting for Jesus may be put among tales, he was dead several years before year 0, so he couldn’t pursue this vicious task.
Both Talmudic and Roman sources convey a story of a certain Panthera, or Mary, that was raped by a Roman soldier and gave birth to two twin-brothers, Thomas Judas (Araemeic for “brother”) and Jesus Judas, or Isa Judas. What put the “X” in greek “Xristos”? Chi was a letter of Chaldean magoi, and even mithraists placed an “X” on their forehead, as a sign of directions (Mithra was the God of Everything, represented by Celestial Vault and Solar Force, but not identical with them, thus sometimes represented as the Aion commanding the Zodiac, the twelve “apostles”). It’s not difficult to mention that the mark of “X” was later called “The Mark of the Beast” by John in his “Revelations. History is upside down and full of disgusting lies, but at least we have some gifts, a noble pagan tradition.
Pagan Angels: Cline, Rangar. 2011. Ancient angels: conceptualizing angeloi in the Roman Empire. Leiden: Brill. https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004194533.i-182.
Julian the Theurgist: Fowden, Garth. “Pagan Versions of the Rain Miracle of A.D. 172.” Historia: Zeitschrift Für Alte Geschichte 36, no. 1 (1987): 83-95. Accessed December 24, 2020. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4435995.
Chaldean Oracles: Julianus, and Ruth Dorothy Majercik. 1989. The Chaldean oracles. Leiden: Brill.
Mithraism General: Beck, Roger. 2006. The religion of the Mithras cult in the Roman Empire: mysteries of the unconquered sun. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Historical background: Porphyry, and R. Joseph Hoffmann. 1994. Porphyry’s Against the Christians: the literary remains. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
Contra Galileum and Hymn to Helios: JULIAN, & WRIGHT, W. C. (. (2006). The works of the Emperor Julian. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.
General History: BOARDMAN, J. (1991). Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. 3. Part 2, Vol. 3. Part 2. [Place of publication not identified], Cup.
Gnosticism: BARNSTONE, W., & MEYER, M. W. (2009). The Gnostic Bible. Boston, Shambhala.